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C'est lorsque nous croyons savoir quelque chose qu'il faut justement réfléchir un peu plus profondément. F. Herbert

Configuration de dwm pour OpenBSD

Fonctionnalités activée :

Le config.h :

/* See LICENSE file for copyright and license details. */
/* appearance */
static const char *fonts[] = {
    "LiberationMono:size=9"
};
static const char dmenufont[]       = "LiberationMono:size=9";
static const char normbordercolor[] = "#08090a";
static const char normbgcolor[]     = "#08090a";
static const char normfgcolor[]     = "#606c78";
static const char selbordercolor[]  = "#606c78";
static const char selbgcolor[]      = "#606c78";
static const char selfgcolor[]      = "#08090a";
static const unsigned int borderpx  = 2;        /* border pixel of windows */
static const unsigned int snap      = 32;       /* snap pixel */
static const int showbar            = 1;        /* 0 means no bar */
static const int topbar             = 1;        /* 0 means bottom bar */
/* tagging */
static const char *tags[] = { "*", "w", "@", ";", "+" };
static const Rule rules[] = {
    /* xprop(1):
     *  WM_CLASS(STRING) = instance, class
     *  WM_NAME(STRING) = title
     */
    /* class      instance    title       tags mask     isfloating   monitor */
    { "Crawl-tiles",     NULL,       NULL,       0,            True,        -1 },
    { NULL,     NULL,       "Jabber",       1<<2,            False,        -1 },
    { NULL,     NULL,       "Mutt",       1<<2,            False,        -1 },
    { "Firefox",     NULL,       NULL,       1<<1,            False,        -1 },
    { "surf",     NULL,       NULL,       1<<1,            False,        -1 },
    { "Surf",     NULL,       NULL,       1<<1,            False,        -1 },
    { "tabbed-surf",     NULL,       NULL,       1<<1,            False,        -1 },
    { "tabbed",     NULL,       NULL,       1<<1,            False,        -1 },
    { "Gimp",     NULL,       NULL,       1<<4 ,            False,        -1 },
    { "stalonetray", NULL, NULL, 0, True, -1 },
    { "menu", NULL,      NULL,      0,          True,            -1 },
};
/* layout(s) */
static const float mfact     = 0.55; /* factor of master area size [0.05..0.95] */
static const int nmaster     = 1;    /* number of clients in master area */
static const int resizehints = 1;    /* 1 means respect size hints in tiled resizals */
static const Layout layouts[] = {
    /* symbol     arrange function */
    { "[]=",      tile },    /* first entry is default */
    { "><>",      NULL },    /* no layout function means floating behavior */
    { "[M]",      monocle },
};
/* key definitions */
#define MODKEY Mod1Mask
#define TAGKEYS(KEY,TAG) \
    { MODKEY,                       KEY,      view,           {.ui = 1 << TAG} }, \
    { MODKEY|ControlMask,           KEY,      toggleview,     {.ui = 1 << TAG} }, \
    { MODKEY|ShiftMask,             KEY,      tag,            {.ui = 1 << TAG} }, \
    { MODKEY|ControlMask|ShiftMask, KEY,      toggletag,      {.ui = 1 << TAG} },
/* helper for spawning shell commands in the pre dwm-5.0 fashion */
#define SHCMD(cmd) { .v = (const char*[]){ "/bin/sh", "-c", cmd, NULL } }
/* commands */
static char dmenumon[2] = "0"; /* component of dmenucmd, manipulated in spawn() */
static const char *dmenucmd[] = { "dmenu_run", "-m", dmenumon, "-fn", dmenufont, "-nb", normbgcolor, "-nf", normfgcolor, "-sb", selbgcolor, "-sf", selfgcolor, NULL };
static const char *termcmd[]  = { "st", NULL };
static Key keys[] = {
    /* modifier                     key        function        argument */
    { MODKEY,                       XK_p,      spawn,          {.v = dmenucmd } },
    { MODKEY|ShiftMask,             XK_Return, spawn,          {.v = termcmd } },
    { MODKEY,                       XK_b,      togglebar,      {0} },
    { MODKEY,                       XK_j,      focusstack,     {.i = +1 } },
    { MODKEY,                       XK_k,      focusstack,     {.i = -1 } },
    { MODKEY,                       XK_i,      incnmaster,     {.i = +1 } },
    { MODKEY,                       XK_d,      incnmaster,     {.i = -1 } },
    { MODKEY,                       XK_h,      setmfact,       {.f = -0.05} },
    { MODKEY,                       XK_l,      setmfact,       {.f = +0.05} },
    { MODKEY,                       XK_Return, zoom,           {0} },
    { MODKEY,                       XK_Tab,    view,           {0} },
    { MODKEY|ShiftMask,             XK_c,      killclient,     {0} },
    { MODKEY,                       XK_t,      setlayout,      {.v = &layouts[0]} },
    { MODKEY,                       XK_f,      setlayout,      {.v = &layouts[1]} },
    { MODKEY,                       XK_m,      setlayout,      {.v = &layouts[2]} },
    { MODKEY,                       XK_space,  setlayout,      {0} },
    { MODKEY|ShiftMask,             XK_space,  togglefloating, {0} },
    { MODKEY,                       XK_agrave,      view,           {.ui = ~0 } },
    { MODKEY|ShiftMask,             XK_agrave,      tag,            {.ui = ~0 } },
    { MODKEY,                       XK_comma,  focusmon,       {.i = -1 } },
    { MODKEY,                       XK_semicolon, focusmon,       {.i = +1 } },
    { MODKEY|ShiftMask,             XK_comma,  tagmon,         {.i = -1 } },
    { MODKEY|ShiftMask,             XK_semicolon, tagmon,         {.i = +1 } },
    TAGKEYS(                        XK_ampersand,                     0)
    TAGKEYS(                        XK_eacute,                        1)
    TAGKEYS(                        XK_quotedbl,                      2)
    TAGKEYS(                        XK_apostrophe,                    3)
    TAGKEYS(                        XK_parenleft,                     4)
    TAGKEYS(                        XK_minus,                         5)
    TAGKEYS(                        XK_egrave,                        6)
    TAGKEYS(                        XK_underscore,                    7)
    TAGKEYS(                        XK_ccedilla,                      8)
    { MODKEY,                       XK_w,      spawn,          SHCMD("firefox") },
    { MODKEY,                       XK_a,      spawn,          SHCMD("~/.dmenu/actions") },
    { MODKEY,                       XK_s,      spawn,          SHCMD("sch") },
    { MODKEY,                       XK_x,      spawn,          SHCMD("~/.dmenu/dmlaunch") },
    { MODKEY,                       XK_z,      spawn,          SHCMD("~/.dmenu/dmpc") },
    { MODKEY|ShiftMask,             XK_l,      spawn,          SHCMD("mpc next") },
    { MODKEY|ShiftMask,             XK_h,      spawn,          SHCMD("mpc prev") },
    { MODKEY|ShiftMask,             XK_n,      spawn,          SHCMD("mpc toggle") },
    { 0,                        0x1008ff13,    spawn,          SHCMD("mixerctl outputs.master=+10") },
    { 0,                        0x1008ff11,    spawn,          SHCMD("mixerctl outputs.master=-10") },
    { 0,                        0x1008ff12,    spawn,          SHCMD("mixerctl outputs.master.mute=toggle") },
    { MODKEY|ShiftMask,             XK_q,      quit,           {0} },
};
/* button definitions */
/* click can be ClkLtSymbol, ClkStatusText, ClkWinTitle, ClkClientWin, or ClkRootWin */
static Button buttons[] = {
    /* click                event mask      button          function        argument */
    { ClkLtSymbol,          0,              Button1,        setlayout,      {0} },
    { ClkLtSymbol,          0,              Button3,        setlayout,      {.v = &layouts[2]} },
    { ClkWinTitle,          0,              Button2,        killclient,     {0} },
    { ClkWinTitle,          0,              Button4,        focusstack,     {.i = +1 } },
    { ClkWinTitle,          0,              Button5,        focusstack,     {.i = -1 } },
    { ClkStatusText,        0,              Button2,        spawn,          {.v = termcmd } },
    { ClkClientWin,         MODKEY,         Button1,        movemouse,      {0} },
    { ClkClientWin,         MODKEY,         Button2,        togglefloating, {0} },
    { ClkClientWin,         MODKEY,         Button3,        resizemouse,    {0} },
    { ClkTagBar,            0,              Button1,        view,           {0} },
    { ClkTagBar,            0,              Button3,        toggleview,     {0} },
    { ClkTagBar,            MODKEY,         Button1,        tag,            {0} },
    { ClkTagBar,            MODKEY,         Button3,        toggletag,      {0} },
    { ClkStatusText,        0,              Button3,        spawn,          SHCMD("~/.dmenu/dwm_menu/dwm_menu.sh") },
    { ClkRootWin,           0,              Button3,        spawn,          SHCMD("~/.dmenu/dwm_menu/dwm_menu.sh") },
    { ClkStatusText,        0,              Button4,        spawn,          SHCMD("mixerctl outputs.master=+10") },
    { ClkStatusText,        0,              Button5,        spawn,          SHCMD("mixerctl outputs.master=-12") },
};

Ensuite, si vous avez bien observé, vous aurez remarqué que la barre de status est un peu spéciale. Il y a à l'intérieur des barres de niveau par exemple. Le tout est en plus entièrement codé en C, c'est très léger et rapide! Je me suis nettement inspiré de dstat, que l'on trouve sur la page de dwmstatus. Parmis ses fonctionnalités :

Voici donc le code pour le compiler :

config.mk :

NAME = dwmstatus
VERSION = 1.2
# Customize below to fit your system
# paths
PREFIX = /usr/local
MANPREFIX = ${PREFIX}/share/man
X11INC = /usr/X11R6/include
X11LIB = /usr/X11R6/lib
# mpd + openbsd
MPDFLAG  =  -DMPD
LOCALINCLUDE = /usr/local/include
LOCALLIB = /usr/local/lib
# includes and libs
INCS = -I. -I/usr/include -I${LOCALINCLUDE} -I${X11INC} 
LIBS = -L/usr/lib -lc -L${X11LIB} -lX11 -L${LOCALLIB} -lmpdclient
# flags
CPPFLAGS = ${MPDFLAG} -DVERSION=\"${VERSION}\"
CFLAGS = -g -std=c99 -pedantic -Wall -O0 ${INCS} ${CPPFLAGS}
#CFLAGS = -std=c99 -pedantic -Wall -Os ${INCS} ${CPPFLAGS}
LDFLAGS = -g ${LIBS}
#LDFLAGS = -s ${LIBS}
# Solaris
#CFLAGS = -fast ${INCS} -DVERSION=\"${VERSION}\"
#LDFLAGS = ${LIBS}
# compiler and linker
CC = cc

dwmstatus.c :

#define _BSD_SOURCE
#define _GNU_SOURCE
#include <unistd.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stdarg.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <strings.h>
#include <sys/time.h>
#include <time.h>
#include <err.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/wait.h>
#include <sys/ioctl.h>
#include <sys/param.h>
#include <sys/audioio.h>
#include <sys/sched.h>
#include <sys/resource.h>
#include <sys/sensors.h>
#include <sys/sched.h>
#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <sys/sysctl.h>
#include <machine/apmvar.h>
#include <dirent.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <limits.h>
#include <mpd/client.h>
#include <X11/Xlib.h>
#define D_BUF 64
char *tzparis = "Europe/Paris";
static Display *dpy;
char *
smprintf(char *fmt, ...)
{
    va_list fmtargs;
    char *buf = NULL;
    va_start(fmtargs, fmt);
    if (vasprintf(&buf, fmt, fmtargs) == -1){
        fprintf(stderr, "malloc vasprintf\n");
        exit(1);
    }
    va_end(fmtargs);
    return buf;
}
int 
runevery(time_t *ltime, int sec){
    /* return 1 if sec elapsed since last run
     * else return 0 
    */
    time_t now = time(NULL);
    if ( difftime(now, *ltime ) >= sec)
    {
        *ltime = now;
        return(1);
    }
    else 
        return(0);
}
void
setstatus(char *str)
{
    XStoreName(dpy, DefaultRootWindow(dpy), str);
    XSync(dpy, False);
}
void
settz(char *tzname)
{
    setenv("TZ", tzname, 1);
}
char *
mktimes(char *fmt, char *tzname)
{
    char buf[129];
    time_t tim;
    struct tm *timtm;
    memset(buf, 0, sizeof(buf));
    settz(tzname);
    tim = time(NULL);
    timtm = localtime(&tim);
    if (timtm == NULL) {
        perror("localtime");
        exit(1);
    }
    if (!strftime(buf, sizeof(buf)-1, fmt, timtm)) {
        fprintf(stderr, "strftime == 0\n");
        exit(1);
    }
    return smprintf(buf);
}
char *get_nmail(char *directory, char *label)
{
    /* directory : Maildir path 
    * return label : number_of_new_mails
    */
    int n = 0;
    DIR* dir = NULL;
    struct dirent* rf = NULL;
    dir = opendir(directory); /* try to open directory */
    if (dir == NULL)
        perror("");
    while ((rf = readdir(dir)) != NULL) /*count number of file*/
    {
        if (strcmp(rf->d_name, ".") != 0 &&
            strcmp(rf->d_name, "..") != 0)
            n++;
    }
    closedir(dir);
    if (n == 0) 
       return smprintf("");
    else 
       return smprintf("%s%d",label, n);
}
static const char *d_bar(unsigned char p) {
    const char *s[] = { "▁", "▂", "▃", "▄", "▅", "▆", "▇", "█", "█" };
    return s[((8 * p) / 100)];
}
static char *d_cpu(void) {
    static long cpu[CPUSTATES];
    int mib[2] = { CTL_KERN, KERN_CPTIME }, p;
    long c[CPUSTATES];
    size_t sz = sizeof(c);
    if (sysctl(mib, 2, &c, &sz, NULL, 0) == -1)
        return smprintf("sysctl failed");
    p = (c[CP_USER] - cpu[CP_USER] + c[CP_SYS] - cpu[CP_SYS] +
         c[CP_NICE] - cpu[CP_NICE]) / (double)
        (c[CP_USER] - cpu[CP_USER] + c[CP_SYS] - cpu[CP_SYS] +
         c[CP_NICE] - cpu[CP_NICE] + c[CP_IDLE] - cpu[CP_IDLE]) * 100;
    memmove(cpu, c, sizeof(cpu));
    return smprintf("CPU %d%% %s", p, d_bar(p));
}
static char *d_bat(int fd) {
    struct apm_power_info api;
    if (ioctl(fd, APM_IOC_GETPOWER, &api) == -1)
        return smprintf("ioctl failed");
    return (api.ac_state == APM_AC_ON) ?
        smprintf("⚡ %d%% %s A/C",
            api.battery_life, d_bar(api.battery_life)) :
        smprintf("⚡ %d%% %s %u:%02u",
            api.battery_life, d_bar(api.battery_life),
            api.minutes_left / 60, api.minutes_left % 60);
}
static char *d_vol(int fd) {
    static int cls = -1;
    struct mixer_devinfo mdi;
    struct mixer_ctrl mc;
    int v = -1, p;
    for (mdi.index = 0; cls == -1; mdi.index++) {
        if (ioctl(fd, AUDIO_MIXER_DEVINFO, &mdi) == -1)
            return smprintf("ioctl failed");
        if (mdi.type == AUDIO_MIXER_CLASS &&
            !strcmp(mdi.label.name, AudioCoutputs))
                cls = mdi.index;
    }
    for (mdi.index = 0; v == -1; mdi.index++) {
        if (ioctl(fd, AUDIO_MIXER_DEVINFO, &mdi) == -1)
            return smprintf("ioctl failed");
        if (mdi.type == AUDIO_MIXER_VALUE && mdi.prev == AUDIO_MIXER_LAST &&
            mdi.mixer_class == cls && !strcmp(mdi.label.name, AudioNmaster)) {
            mc.dev = mdi.index;
            if (ioctl(fd, AUDIO_MIXER_READ, &mc) == -1)
                return smprintf("ioctl failed");
            v = mc.un.value.num_channels == 1 ?
                mc.un.value.level[AUDIO_MIXER_LEVEL_MONO] :
                (mc.un.value.level[AUDIO_MIXER_LEVEL_LEFT] >
                 mc.un.value.level[AUDIO_MIXER_LEVEL_RIGHT] ?
                 mc.un.value.level[AUDIO_MIXER_LEVEL_LEFT] :
                 mc.un.value.level[AUDIO_MIXER_LEVEL_RIGHT]);
        } /* todo: handle mute */
    }
    return v == -1 ? "volume failed" :
        (p = (v * 100) / 255, smprintf("♫ %d%% %s", p, d_bar(p)));
}
/* simple function to retrieve mpd status */
char *
getmpdstat() {
    struct mpd_song * song = NULL;
    const char * title = NULL;
    const char * artist = NULL;
    char * retstr = NULL;
    int elapsed = 0, total = 0;
    struct mpd_connection * conn ;
    if (!(conn = mpd_connection_new("localhost", 0, 30000)) ||
        mpd_connection_get_error(conn)){
            return smprintf("");
    }
    mpd_command_list_begin(conn, true);
    mpd_send_status(conn);
    mpd_send_current_song(conn);
    mpd_command_list_end(conn);
    struct mpd_status* theStatus = mpd_recv_status(conn);
        if ((theStatus) && (mpd_status_get_state(theStatus) == MPD_STATE_PLAY)) {
                mpd_response_next(conn);
                song = mpd_recv_song(conn);
                title = smprintf("%s",mpd_song_get_tag(song, MPD_TAG_TITLE, 0));
                artist = smprintf("%s",mpd_song_get_tag(song, MPD_TAG_ARTIST, 0));
                elapsed = mpd_status_get_elapsed_time(theStatus);
                total = mpd_status_get_total_time(theStatus);
                mpd_song_free(song);
                retstr = smprintf("[♪ %s - %s - %.2d:%.2d/%.2d:%.2d ♪]",
                                artist, title,
                                elapsed/60, elapsed%60,
                                total/60, total%60);
                free((char*)title);
                free((char*)artist);
        }
        else retstr = smprintf("");
        mpd_response_finish(conn);
        mpd_connection_free(conn);
        return retstr;
}
int
main(void)
{
    int a = -1, m = -1;
    char *status;
    char *tmprs = NULL;
    char *mail_laposte = NULL;
    char *mail_educ = NULL;
    char *mail_yt = NULL;
    char *mail_y = NULL;
    char *mail_p = NULL;
    char *cpu = NULL;
    char *bat = NULL;
    char *vol = NULL;
    char *mpd = NULL;
    time_t count5min = 0;
    time_t count60 = 0;
    if (!(dpy = XOpenDisplay(NULL))) {
        fprintf(stderr, "dwmstatus: cannot open display.\n");
        return 1;
    }
    if ((a = open("/dev/apm", O_RDONLY)) == -1 ||
        (m = open("/dev/mixer", O_RDONLY)) == -1)
        err(1, "open failed");
    for (;;sleep(1)) {
        /* checks every minutes */
        if ( runevery(&count60, 60) )
        {
            free(tmprs);
            free(bat);
            tmprs = mktimes("%d/%m/%y %H:%M", tzparis);
            bat = d_bat(a);
        }
        /* checks mail every 5 minutes */
        if (runevery(&count5min, 300) )
        {
            free(mail_laposte);
            free(mail_educ);
            free(mail_yt);
            free(mail_y);
            free(mail_p);
            mail_laposte = get_nmail("/home/thuban/Maildir/laposte/new", " LP:");
            mail_educ = get_nmail("/home/thuban/Maildir/educ/new", " LP:");
            mail_yt = get_nmail("/home/thuban/Maildir/ythuban/new", " LP:");
            mail_y = get_nmail("/home/thuban/Maildir/y/new", " LP:");
            mail_p = get_nmail("/home/thuban/Maildir/physique/new", " LP:");
        }
        /* checks every second */
            free(cpu);
            free(vol);
            free(mpd);
            cpu = d_cpu();
            vol = d_vol(m);
            mpd = getmpdstat();
        status = smprintf("%s [✉ :%s%s%s%s%s] [%s | %s | %s] [%s]",
                mpd,
                mail_laposte, mail_educ, mail_yt, mail_y, mail_p, 
                cpu, bat, vol,
                tmprs);
        setstatus(status);
        free(status);
    }
    XCloseDisplay(dpy);
    return 0;
}